The United States was the supreme demonstration of democracy. Speech at Peoria, Illinois Lincoln, in a speech at Peoria, attacked slavery on the grounds that its existence within the United States made American democracy appear hyprocritical in the eyes of the world.
Irresponsible orators, like Douglas, disregard the weight of public sentiment in the pursuit of short-term personal gain, but they do so ultimately at their own peril. I mean the increasing disregard for law which pervades the country; the growing disposition to substitute the wild and furious passions, in lieu of the sober judgement of Courts; and the worse than savage mobs, for the executive ministers of justice.
The way to property must be open to all; no group should enjoy special privileges which gave it an artificial advantage over others. Slavery violated this right by permanently consigning slaves to a dependent status.
His grace and tolerance was evident throughout his life. What follows is an account of how Lincoln used this premise to attack Douglas, how it functioned in his own defense, and what it implied about the American public.
He promised also to support an amendment that would guarantee slavery from further government interference. But throughout his life — in several lectures delivered on nonpolitical occasions, in fragmentary notes jotted down on scraps of paper for possible later use, in his many letters, and especially in political speeches and state papers — he expressed himself in relation to the controversies of his time.
Jacques Barzun described Lincoln as a pragmatist even as he confronted the evil of slavery. Douglas, as an attack on the equality principle of the Declaration of Independence.
He briefly alluded to it in the conclusion of his remarks at Ottawa. Douglas had held that the territorial legislature could make the decision for or against slavery.
The question of what rights, privileges, and immunities for blacks were compatible with the public good was best answered by the inhabitants of each territory or state, who were familiar with local conditions and would have to live with the consequences.
However, his feelings about the actual slaves and blacks living in America remained the same. And, despite frequent and vicious attacks on his character and motives, Lincoln did not believe in personal retaliation either.
It was obviously not a desire to propitiate constituency interests which prompted him to speak out in this way; nor could it have been a wish to demonstrate his party loyalty. And when this new principle [that African Americans were not covered by the phrase "all men are created equal"] -- this new proposition that no human being ever thought of three years ago, -- is brought forward, I combat it as having an evil tendency, if not an evil design; I combat it as having a tendency to dehumanize the negro -- to take away from him the right of ever striving to be a man.
However, Lincoln had to suffer through a "hailstorm" of criticism through much of his first term. It has a philosophical cause. All these are links in the endless chain stretching from the finite to the infinite. Beyond these expedient uses, however, Lincoln's statement reflected the germ of a theory of public opinion.
Accounts of outrages committed by mobs, form the every-day news of the times. Public sentiment is more enduring than public opinion; it touches deeper roots in an individual's system of beliefs and values. They were part of him and…he accepted all of himself as inevitable, as a fact of nature.
A person who met Mr. At all events I shall take care that in my own eyes I do become one. In the political order, the value of justice takes an uneasy second place behind that of internal order.
In his Ottawa speech, Lincoln explained, This man sticks to a decision which forbids the people of a territory from excluding slavery, and he does so not because he says it is right in itself—he does not give any opinion on that— but because it has been decided by the Court, and being decided by the Court, he is, and you are bound to take it in your political action as law—not that he judges at all of its merits, but because a decision of the Court is to him a "Thus saith the Lord.
This deus ex machina, however, depended on the existence of a clear and strong public consensus that slavery was doomed. William Lee Miller wrote: I believe the declara[tion] that "all men are created equal" is the great fundamental principle upon which our free institutions rest; that negro slavery is violative of that principle; but that, by our frame of government, that principle has not been made one of legal obligation; that by our frame of government, the States which have slavery are to retain it, or surrender it at their own pleasure; and that all others -- individuals, free-states and national government -- are constitutionally bound to leave them alone about it.
Immediately after pronouncing that "public sentiment is everything," Lincoln went on to state, "Judge Douglas is a man of vast influence, so great that it is enough for many men to profess to believe anything, when they once find out that Judge Douglas professes to believe it.
He cited Jefferson's role in drafting the Northwest Ordinance, which had preceded the Constitution and prohibited slavery in the area that would become the Northwest Territory. And it was his great influence over others that would lead them to do so as well.
III, October 13, There may be one consideration used in stay of such final judgment, but that is not for us to use in advance. The second principle was a concept of human nature.
The House Divided speech already had given conservatives cause for concern. I hold that the people of the slaveholding states are civilized men as well as ourselves, that they bear consciences as well as we.
It was not simply a fact of society and culture; it had causal force.
At that time we had only two or three terms of court, and the docket was somewhat crowded. In this fragment, he countered the arguments that slavery was justified based on color and intellect.
Oct 11, · Douglas' political rival, former Illinois Congressman Abraham Lincoln, was enraged by the bill. He scheduled three public speeches in the fall ofin response. Abraham Lincoln’s Values and Philosophy.
Featured Book. William E. Miller, Lincoln’s Virtues: An Ethical Biography (New York: Alfred A.
Knopf, ) Abraham Lincoln was “a man of profound feeling, just and firm principles, and incorruptible integrity,” wrote Civil War general and politician Carl Schurz.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, – April 15, ) was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 16th president of the United States from until his assassination in April Lincoln led the nation through the Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis.
"Public sentiment is everything"—that was the key to Lincoln's explanation of why the slavery question had become so contentious and how the controversy ultimately would be resolved. Abraham Lincoln ambrotype made by Calvin Jackson, Pittsfield, Illinois, October 1, Sometimes Lincoln articulated this view as a political principle.
Abraham Lincoln’s views on slavery were split between his political obligations and his moral beliefs, his political actions were influenced by his desire to preserve the Union, and his moral stance on the issue largely stemmed from his deep-seeded belief in the power of the Constitution, not the.
Lincoln in Library of Congress: Pre-Presidential Political Timeline At age 23, with no real qualifications and a very limited formal education, Abraham Lincoln ran for his first Illinois political office.Abraham lincolns shift of political views